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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS questions 1–7

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ข้อที่ 1

What is the main idea in this text?

A A. Death, by any method, is horrible.

B D. Sudden death is preferable to slow death.

C C. The positive or negative qualities of sudden death are debatable.

D B. Slow death is preferable to sudden death.

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ข้อที่ 2

What can you infer about the relationships presented in this text?

A D. A pious life determines whether a person will die suddenly or slowly.

B A. Religion and philosophy agree that sudden death is to be preferred over other methods.

C C. Alcohol and sudden death are matters that seem to go hand in hand.

D B. There are conflicting viewpoints about sudden death between philosophy and religion.

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ข้อที่ 3

What is the meaning of the word prostrate as it is used in the following sentence from the text? On the other hand, the divine Litany of our English Church, when breathing forth supplications, as if in some representative character for the whole human race prostrate before God, places such a death in the very van of horrors.

A A. vertically positioned

B D. at the mercy of

C C. angrily opposing

D B. up in arms against

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ข้อที่ 4

What role does the follwing sentence play in the development of the purpose of this text?

A C. It lays out the author’s direction of his opinion that sudden death is preferable.

B A. It forces the reader to question this for themselves.

C B. It lays the premise for the rest of the paragraph’s development of the scope of this idea.

D D. It implores a more knowledgeable person to answer the question.

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ข้อที่ 5

Which claim is NOT supported by reason?

A D. “If a man dies, for instance, by some sudden death when he happens to be intoxicated, such a death is falsely regarded with peculiar horror; as though the intoxication were suddenly exalted into a blasphemy.”

B A. “Sudden death is here made to crown the climax in a grand ascent of calamities; it is the last of curses; and yet, by the noblest of Romans, it was treated as the first of blessings.”

C B. “There does not, however, occur to me any direct scriptural warrant for this earnest petition of the English Litany.”

D C. “The first is this: that many people are likely to exaggerate the horror of a sudden death, (I mean the objective horror to him who contemplates such a death, not the subjective horror to him who suffers it,) from the false disposition to lay a stress upon words or acts, simply because by an accident they have become words or acts.”

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ข้อที่ 6

Which sentence best supports the main idea of this passage?

A A. “It is remarkable that, in different conditions of society it has been variously regarded as the consummation of an earthly career most fervently to be desired, and, on the other hand, as that consummation which is most of all to be deprecated.”

B D. “And the only new element in the man’s act is not any element of extra immorality, but simply of extra misfortune.”

C C. “From lightning and tempest; from plague, pestilence, and famine; from battle and murder, and from sudden death,—Good Lord, deliver us.”

D B. “. . . being questioned as to the mode of death which, in his opinion, might seem the most eligible, replied—“That which should be most sudden.”

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ข้อที่ 7

How would the tone of the sentence differ if the word infirmity were to be replaced with the word suffering? It seems rather a petition indulged to human infirmity, than exacted from human piety.

A A. By replacing “infirmity” with the weaker word “suffering,” the tone would seem more in favor of the English Litany’s position.

B D. There would be no change in tone.

C C. By replacing “infirmity” with the stronger word “suffering,” the tone would seem more condemnation for the English Litany’s position.

D B. By replacing “infirmity” with the stronger word “suffering,” the tone would seem more in favor of the English Litany’s position.

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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS questions 1–7

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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS questions 8-15

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ข้อที่ 1

What thematic idea do these two articles share?

A The economic crisis has caused Americans to import more foods.

B Foods imported from other countries can be dangerous to Americans’ health.

C Americans cannot produce their own foods fast enough to make enough produce to feed themselves without relying on imports.

D Imported foods make up the vast majority of our diet.

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ข้อที่ 2

According to the first text, the Food and Drug Administration inspects what percentage of food imports entering the United States?

A 85 percent

B 1 percent

C 99 percent

D 15 percent

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ข้อที่ 3

What is one point about which the authors would disagree?

A Imports have a role in many of our health problems.

B Imports are responsible for our failing economy.

C The biggest factor dealing with imported foods is the economy.

D America should do more to increase its own food production.

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ข้อที่ 4

How does the impact of these two texts differ?

A The first article encourages readers to buy organic foods, while the second article urges readers to consider more healthfully treated foods.

B The first article informs readers of the potential impacts of imported food on our health, and the second encourages readers to seek other solutions.

C The first article urges Americans to be more health conscious, while the second encourages us to be more fiscally conservative.

D The first article broadens the scope of imports to many kinds of foods, whereas the second article simply deals with seafood.

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ข้อที่ 5

How is the idea of iPura differently emphasized in these two articles?

A The first article examines it as a business model, and the second article uses it to emphasize the dangers of imported foods.

B The first article mentions it as a new method to ensure safety, and the second article furthers this idea by highlighting it as a vehicle for helping America’s failing economy.

C The first article discusses iPura as a business model, while the second discusses its beneficial qualities as a scientific endeavor.

D The first article uses it as a scare tactic, while the second article examines the role it can play in ensuring American safety.

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ข้อที่ 6

What is the purpose of the first article?

A to warn Americans about the potential hazardous impacts of imported foods

B to criticize the FDA for not inspecting our imports

C to encourage Americans to grow their own food

D to discuss the beneficial qualities of the company iPura

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ข้อที่ 7

What is the purpose of the second article?

A to comment on the impacts a failing economy can have on America’s consumer habits

B to applaud iPura for its revolutionary business model

C to inform Americans about alternatives to imported foods

D to warn Americans about the harmful effects of imported foods

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ข้อที่ 8

What is something these two authors would agree about?

A Reliance on imported foods should be diminished.

B A struggling economy creates innovative companies.

C Consumer safety should be the No. 1 priority when dealing with imported foods.

D Failing health creates innovative companies.

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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS questions 8-15

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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS Section 2

ข้อที่ 1

Innovation and Invention Stimulus Passage #1

Excerpt from Nature’s Teachings by John George Wood

It is tolerably evident that the first raft was nothing more than a tree-trunk. Finding that the single trunk was apt to turn over with the weight of the occupant, the next move was evidently to lash two trunks side by side. Next would come the great advance of putting the trunks at some distance apart, and connecting them with cross-bars. This plan would obviate even the chance of the upsetting of the raft, and it still survives in that curious mixture of the raft and canoe, the outrigger boat of the Polynesians, which no gale of wind can upset. It may be torn to pieces by the storm, but nothing can capsize it as long as it holds together.

Laying a number of smaller logs or branches upon the bars which connect the larger logs is an evident mode of forming a continuous platform, and thus the raft is completed. It would not be long before the superior buoyancy of a hollow over a solid log would be discovered, and so, when the savage could not find a log ready hollowed to his hand, he would hollow one for himself, mostly using fire in lieu of tools. The progress from a hollowed log, or “dug-out,” as it is popularly called, to the bark canoe, and then the built boat, naturally followed, the boats increasing in size until they were developed into ships.

Now, let us ask ourselves whether, in creation, there are any natural boats which existed before man came upon the earth, and from which he might have taken the idea if he had been able to reason on the subject. The Paper Nautilus is, of course, the first example that comes before the mind; but although, as we have seen, the delicate shell of the nautilus is not used as a boat,and its sailing and rowing powers are alike fabulous, there is, as is the case with most fables, a substratum of truth, and there are aquatic mollusks which form themselves into boats, although they do not propel themselves with sails or oars.




Innovation and Invention Stimulus Passage #2

Excerpt of Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy Washington, D.C.

The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe—the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God.

We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans—born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage—and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.

Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.

This much we pledge—and more.

To those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share, we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do—for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder.

To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny. We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom—and to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.

A Innovation and Invention Stimulus Passage #2

B Innovation and Invention Stimulus Passage #1

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REASONING THROUGH LANGUAGE ARTS Section 2

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Mathematical Reasoning

ข้อที่ 1

Simplify the following expression. 5 – 2(3 – 5)³ + 2² – (–11)

A 30

B 20

C 36

D 26

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ข้อที่ 2

Questions 2 and 3 refer to the chart below. Wilson High School 2012 Total Students = 1,200 2. The number of 9th graders attending the high school in 2014 is expected to be 20% greater than the 2012 total. How many 9th graders are expected to be at the high school in 2014?

A 900

B 660

C 432

D 422

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ข้อที่ 3

Questions 2 and 3 refer to the chart below. Wilson High School 2012 Total Students = 1,200 3. What is the measure of the central angle created by the sum of the 9th and 11th graders?

A 180°

B 163.7°

C 151.2°

D 147.6°

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ข้อที่ 4

A rectangular television screen is sold by the length of its diagonal. If the diagonal is 45 inches and the height of the screen is 27 inches, what is the area of the screen?

A 1,008 in²

B 1,215 in²

C 1,620 in²

D 972 in²

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ข้อที่ 5

A board game uses a six-sided die and a spinner with the colors red, yellow and blue. What is the probability of throwing a 4 or 6 and spinning red or blue?

A 1/9

B 2/9

C 1/3

D 2/3

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ข้อที่ 6

If x² + 6x = 40, what are the values of x – 6?

A 10, –4

B –16, –2

C 16, –2

D –20, 2

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ข้อที่ 7

Elena has an exercise routine in which she runs uphill, rests and bikes downhill (not in any set order). The graph below shows her routine on a given day What is the order in which Elena rested, biked, and ran?

A ran, biked, rested

B biked, rested, ran

C rested, biked, ran

D ran, rested, biked

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ข้อที่ 8

The following points lie on a certain line. What is the equation of the line?

A y = 2x – 3

B y = –3x + 3

C y = 2x – 7

D y = –4x + 2

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ข้อที่ 9

James placed $7,500 in a certificate of deposit (CD) at his local bank. The interest the CD generated was $731.25. If the interest rate was 6.5%, for how many months was the money deposited?

A 12

B 1.5

C 2.5

D 18

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ข้อที่ 10

Lori needs an 85% average in her math class to move on to the next class. On her first three exams, she earned scores of 81%, 78%, and 97%. What must Lori score on her fourth and final test to earn an 85% grade for the class?

A 84%

B 92%

C 96%

D 86%

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Mathematical Reasoning

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Science

ข้อที่ 1

All of the following may inhibit enzymatic reactions EXCEPT:

A pH level

B lack of substrate

C excess of substrate

D temperature

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ข้อที่ 2

All of the following are steps of photosynthesis EXCEPT:

A Water is separated into hydrogen and oxygen atoms.

B Chlorophyll is absorbed through plant roots.

C An ADP molecule is phosphorylated to ATP.

D During photolysis a photon of light is absorbed by the chlorophyll pigment, which then is in an excited (higher energy) state.

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ข้อที่ 3

Which has the least mass?

A proton

B electron

C neutron

D hydrogen atom

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ข้อที่ 4

Most animals have internal or external skeletons for structure and support. Which of the following parts provide a similar function in plant cells?

A cytoplasm

B cell walls

C chloroplasts

D cell membranes

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ข้อที่ 5

Pathogens in the form of airborne droplets are most likely to cause which of the following illnesses?

A AIDS

B malaria

C stomach virus

D throat infection

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ข้อที่ 6

In glycolysis, a molecule of glucose is broken down into all of the following EXCEPT

A pyruvic acid

B CO2

C H+ 13.

D ATP

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ข้อที่ 7

When astronomers observe the redshift of light from a faraway star, this means that the star is

A ready to explode.

B a dwarf star.

C moving away from us.

D moving toward us.

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ข้อที่ 8

Rabbits are not native to Australia, having been brought there from England by sailors in the 18th century. Yet rabbits have thrived and have, in fact, overpopulated Australia. In addition, rabbits and certain native Australian wallabies, although not closely related, resemble each other as to body structure and habits. Which idea about evolution is supported by these facts?

A Mass extinctions of species and the emergence of new species can be studied by examining the fossil record.

B Many species have body parts that look similar because they evolved from the same ancestral mammal.

C Species evolve in similar ways when they react to similar surroundings.

D Different species originally developed because of changes in some shared ancestral genetic code.

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Science

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Science

Click to Read Text
ข้อที่ 1

Three offspring of two normal-skinned parents have normal skin, but one is albino. Which of the following must be true?

A Both parents must have the Nn genotype.

B Both parents must have the NN genotype.

C One parent must have the NN genotype.

D One parent must have the nn genotype.

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ข้อที่ 2

The albino offspring from the F1 generation described above produces one albino offspring and one normal offspring in the F2 generation. What must be the genotype of the albino’s mate?

A either Nn or nn

B Nn

C nn

D either Nn or NN

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ข้อที่ 3

What percentage of the offspring of two albino parents would most likely be normal?

A 50%

B 100%

C 0%

D 10%

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ข้อที่ 4

What are the chances that two normal parents each carrying recessive genes for albinism could have a heterozygous normal offspring?

A 3 out of 4

B 0 out of 4

C 1 out of 2

D 2 out of 3

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ข้อที่ 5

Which of the following chemical equations is NOT properly balanced?

A CH4 + O2 → CO2 + 2H2 O

B C3 H3 + 5O2 → 3CO2 + 4H2 O

C 2NaCL + F2 → 2NAF + CL2

D FeCl3 – 3NaOH → Fe(OH)3 – 3NaCl

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ข้อที่ 6

Why does a food chain generally have no more than five trophic levels?

A Many organisms have multiple food sources.

B The loss of biodiversity has limited the variety of organisms

C There is no way to determine the upper trophic levels.

D There is a loss of energy at each trophic level.

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Science

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Science

Click to Read Text
ข้อที่ 1

Which statement BEST describes how a large decrease in phytoplankton and marine algae would affect the ocean food web?

A The number of marine animals would decrease due to the decrease in producers.

B The effect would not be drastic since the organisms are so small.

C The number of consumers in the food web would increase as the producers decrease.

D The number of decomposers would increase as the phytoplankton and marine algae die.

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ข้อที่ 2

Which of the following explains the MOST LIKELY effect of increased UV light on alpine and polar lakes that are very clear?

A The increase in solar UV radiation would increase the rate of mutation in microorganisms such as phytoplankton and algae, so that they would no longer be a healthy food source for marine animals.

B The UV light would penetrate to a greater depth in lakes that have clear water, potentially doing greater damage to the ecosystem.

C The UV light would stimulate photosynthesis, resulting in a more stable ecosystem.

D The UV light would raise the temperature of the alpine and polar lakes, which would help the microorganisms repair themselves.

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Science

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Social Studies

ข้อที่ 1

The graph below shows the year 2013 purchasing power of having $50 in previous years. According to the graph above, which decade experienced the fastest rate of inflation?

A 1980s

B 1970s

C 1960s

D 1990s

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ข้อที่ 2

Which of the following statements is supported by the graph?

A The unemployment rate, decline in housing market, and number of foreclosures are unrelated.

B Foreclosures increased steadily throughout the period between 2008 and 2011 with little or no correlation to the unemployment rate.

C The unemployment rate increased from 2008 to 2011, causing the number of foreclosures to increase.

D The unemployment rate remained steady from 2009 to 2011; however, the decrease in the housing market increased.

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ข้อที่ 3

According to the above map, April 15, 1861 was significant. What conclusion can be made about this date?

A The territories did not have slavery.

B The United States had a new president.

C The line drawn by the Missouri Compromise in 1850 did not apply to California.

D The Southern states had seceded from the Union.

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ข้อที่ 4

Based on the map, which of the following is the most likely conclusion one could draw?

A There is no desert in Australia.

B A large area of desert can be found in Northern Africa.

C There is a large desert area in South America.

D Most desertification occurs near the equator.

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ข้อที่ 5

According to the graph, what conclusion can be made about refugees in the United States in 2010?

A Iran and Iraq had a large number of refugees.

B More than half the refugees in the United States were from Asia.

C Refugees come to the United States from Europe.

D Latin America and the Caribbean were a great source of refugees in 2010.

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ข้อที่ 6

The area on the map above is known as the Fertile Crescent. What is the reason for this name?

A It is a place where people migrate often

B It is a place of large population

C It is between two rivers which makes the land very productive

D It is an area where people travel a great deal

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Social Studies

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Social Studies Part 2: Reading

ข้อที่ 1

Based on the above statement, what would be a reasonable prediction for 2011 about the rate of uninsured in relation to the total American population?

A Uninsured rates would be expected to rise as the economy improved and early provisions expanding coverage under the ACA went into effect.

B Uninsured rates would be expected to drop as the economy improved and early provisions expanding coverage under the ACA went into effect.

C There would be no uninsured Americans left because, under the ACA, all Americans are mandated to carry health insurance.

D Newly insured Americans would place a strain on the Medicaid system.

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ข้อที่ 2

In his letter, George W. Harkins is referring to which of the following?

A Indian Removal Act

B People’s Protest at the University of California at Berkeley

C Civil Rights Movement

D American Indian Movement

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ข้อที่ 3

Which conclusion can you draw from the information in the Harkins letter?

A The Choctaw tribe was being forced to leave their lands.

B The Choctaw tribe had no land.

C The Choctaw tribe wanted to move to another place.

D The Choctaw tribe was leaving their lands voluntarily.

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ข้อที่ 4

Which of the following are shared powers of the Federal and State governments?

A Provide the legal basis and charter for a new bank in the state of Wyoming

B Make it possible for an immigrant to become a citizen of the United States

C Establish a new school system in Shelby County, Tennessee

D Admit Puerto Rico as a new state

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ข้อที่ 5

In the introduction to this chart the word concurrent most likely means which of the following?

A Next to one another

B Occurring in two geographic places at the same time

C Shared by both federal and state

D Near but not next to one another

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ข้อที่ 6

Marbury v. Madison is one of the most important Supreme Court rulings in United States history. Since the decision, many cases have gone before the Courts. Based on this information and the information in the previous paragraphs, why was this ruling so significant?

A Upheld Adams’s right to make midnight appointments

B Denied Adams’s right to make midnight appointments

C Confirmed Congress’s power to expand judicial authority

D Affirmed the power of the court to declare a law unconstitutional

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ข้อที่ 7

What organization was often the target of mass demonstrations, a few of them violent, against globalization?

A WTO–World Trade Organization

B NASA–National Aeronautics and Space Administration

C CBC–Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

D NATO– North Atlantic Treaty Organization

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Social Studies Part 2: Reading

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